The CONSTRAINTS AND SOME REPRODUCTIVE PROBLEMS OF RABBIT PRODUCTION IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL AND JERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
In order to determine the challenges faced by rabbit farmers and suitable strategies required to enhanced the survival of rabbit kits, information on constraints and some reproductive problems of rabbit production in Maiduguri Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (M.M.C) and Jere LGAs of Borno state was investigated. Structured questionnaire was administered to 100 respondents in M.M.C and Jere LGAs. It was found that low market value for rabbit, neonatal death and loss from theft or predators were the major constraints observed in rabbit production within the study area. Mortality was high among young rabbits (1-2 weeks old), and the average number of survived rabbit kits was 1 – 5 kits per litter. In addition, seasonal variation, poor management and housing design were the immediate causes of neonatal mortality in rabbit within M.M.C and Jere LGAs of Borno state. Improved housing design, pre-natal nutrition and peri-natal hygiene was therefore recommended.
Abu, O. A., Onifade, A. A., Abanikannda, O. T. F., and Obiyan, R. I. (2008). Status and promotional strategies for rabbit production. In "9th World Rabbit Congress", Varona, Italy (10-13).
Bautista, A., García-Torres, E., Martinez- Gómez, M., Hudson, R., and (2008). Do newborn domestic rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus compete for thermally advantageous positions in the litter huddle. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 62, 331-339. DOI 10.1007/s00265-007-0420-4
Biobaku, W. O., and Oguntona, E. B. (1997). The effects of feeding multi nutrient mini blocks and pelleted diet on the growth of rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 24(2), 147-149.
Chah, J. M., Uddin, I. O., Nnodim, W. E., and Ezeibe, A. B. C. (2017). Housing and Feed Management Practices among Rabbit Keepers in Enugu State. Nigeria International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 7(4), 81-87. DOI: 10.5923/j.ijaf.20170704.01
Coureaud, G., Schaal, B., Coudert, P., Rideaud, P., Fortun-Lamothe, L., Hudson, R., and Orgeur, P. (2000). Immediate postnatal suckling in the rabbit: Its influence on pup survival and growth. Reprodution Nutrition Development. 40, 19-32.
Dairo, F. A. S., Abi, H. M., and Oluwatusin, F. M. (2012). Social acceptability of rabbit meat and strategies for improving its consumption in Ekiti State Southwestern Nigeria. African Journal of Food & Nutrition Development 8(4), 451-463.
Drescher, B. (1992). Housing of rabbits with respect to animal welfare. Journal of Applied Rabbit Research 15, 678–679.
Drummond, H., Vázquez, E., Sánchez–Colón, S., Martinez–Gómez, M., and Hudson, R. (2000). Competition for milk in the domestic rabbit: Survivors benefit from littermate deaths. Ethology 106(6) 511-526. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0310.2000.00554.x
Gidenne, T., Garreau, H., Drouilhet, L., Aubert, C., & Maertens, L. (2017). Improving feed efficiency in rabbit production, a review on nutritional, technico-economical, genetic and environmental aspects. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 225, 109-122.
Hassan, W. A., and Owolabi, R. O. (1996). Proceedings of the 6th World Rabbit Congress, Toulouse, France. Association française de cuniculture.
Lebas F, Coudert P, Rouvier R, de Rochembau H. FAO Animal Production and Health Series No. 21. Rome: 1986. The rabbit husbandry, health and production. Available online at:http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5082E/X5082E00.htm. [Google Scholar]
Mailu, S. K. M., Wanyoike, J. K., Serem, C. K., and Gachuiri, k. (2014). Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) breed characteristics, farmer objectives and preferences in Kenya: A correspondence analysis. Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 2(4), 118-125.
Mayomi, I., and Mohammed, I. A. (2014). A decade of assessment of Maiduguri Urban expansion (2002-2012): Geospatial approach. Global Journal of Human Science 14(2), 1.0.
Owen, O. J., & Amakiri, A. O. (2010). The potentialities and challenges of rabbitary in Nigeria: A review. Journal of environmental issues and agriculture in developing countries, 2(2), 22-27.
Ozor, N., and Madukwe, M. C. (2005). Obstacles to the adoption of improved rabbit technologies by smallscale farmers in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Journal of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension 4(1), 70-73. URL: http://www.agrosciencejournal.com/
Pasupathi, K., Muthusamy, P., Gopi, H., D., B., and M., B. (2014). survivability in new zealand white breed of rabbits under farming condition in tamilnadu. International Journal of Science 3(5), 1772 – 1777
Sylvester, D., Clayton, M., Lighton, D., and Mrema, M. (2014). Socio-economic Determinants of Commercialization of Smallholder Rabbit Production in Mt Darwin District of Zimbabwe. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 4(8), 346-353. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.8.070814296)
Szendrő, Z., Szendrő, K., and Zotte, A. D. (2012). Management of Reproduction on Small, Medium and Large Rabbit Farms. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 25(5), 738- 748. Published online 2012 May 1. doi: 10.5713/ajas.2012.12015
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA Journal of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.