GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD INDICES OF BROILER CHICKENS FED LYE-PROCESSED MORINGA (Moringa oleifera) SEED MEAL
Keywords:broiler chicken, Moringa oleifera seed, iye processing method, performance and Blood indices
A 56-day feeding trial was conducted to determine the effect of lye processed Moringa seed meal (LMSM) on performance and blood indices of broiler chicken. A total of 150 one- day-old cobb breed broiler chicks were randomly allotted to five (5) dietary treatments replicated three times with ten chicks per replicate. The experimental diets were formulated with LMSM at inclusion levels of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% designated as T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 respectively. Data were generated for final body weight, total feed intake, daily feed intake (DFI), total weight gain, daily weight gain (DWG), feed conversion ratio and blood indices. Data obtained were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The result of the performance showed significant (P<0.05) influence of LMSM on final weight gain, weight gain, daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio at both phases. Birds on diet 0%, 5% and 10% recorded the highest weight gain while birds on 15% and 20% LMSM obtained the least value in the starter phase. Birds on control diet and 5% LMSM recorded the highest feed intake while the lowest was obtained on 20% diet. The best FCR was observed in birds fed control diet, 5% and 10% LMSM diet. Finisher broiler fed control diet, 5% and 10% recorded higher final weight and weight gain. Birds fed control diet recorded the highest feed intake while birds on 15% and 20% LMSM recorded the lowest. Birds fed control diet, 5% and 10% LMSM obtained better FCR. The feed cost per gain was cheaper when fed LMSM irrespective of the inclusion level. Heamatology and serum chemistry results revealed that all measured parameters showed no significant (P>0.05) influence of LMSM treatments on the birds except packed cell volume (PVC), Hemoglobin (Hb) and White blood cell, Glucose and ALP. Broiler chickens could be fed up to 10% LMSM at starter phase and 15%LMSM of finisher phase.
A.O.A.C. (2012). Official methods of Analysis. 19th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C., USA.
Adebisi, A.O. (1997). Comparative effect of two sources of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplement into a high fibre diet for starting pullets. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, pp 126.
Adetunji, M.A., Adegbenro, M.O., Oluwadamilola. G. and Aletor, V.A. (2020). Growth performance and cost implication of broiler chickens fed fortified composite cassava stump meal based diets. Animal Research international 17(2): 3631-3639.
Afolayan, M., IIiya, M.M., Bawa, G.S., and Alayande, L. (2020). Performance of broiler chickens fed graded dietary inclusion levels of moringa (Moringa oleifera) seed meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 47: 107-114.
Ahaotu, E.O., Omeje, S.I. and Ayo Enwerem, C.M. (2013). Evaluation of low and high Cyanide cassava peels on the Performance, nutrient digestibility and serum. Metabolites of growing pigs. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 17(2): 36- 46
Akande, T.O. and Odunsi, A.A. (2011). Nutritive Value and biochemical changes in broiler chickens fed detoxified castor kernel meal based diets. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(12): 2904-2911.
Akangbe, E.E. and Abu, O.A. (2022). Moringa Oleifera: A rare plant, its nutritional and health benefits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 49(1): 262-267.
Akinmutimi, A.H. (2004). Evaluation of sword beans (Canavalia gladiate) as an alternative feed resouces for broiler chickens. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Non-Ruminants Animal Production, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
Akinola, S.O. and Abiola, S.S. (1999). Blood Chemistry and carcass yield of cockerels fed melon husk diets. Tropical Journal of Animal Science 2: 39-39.
Annongu, A.A., Adeyemi, O.A. Bolu, S.A.O. Kayode, R.M.O. and Sola-Ojo, F.E. (2015). Changes in metabolic nutrients utilization and alterions in biochemical and haematological indices in broiler fed graded levels of dietary Moringa oleifera. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 42(2): 58-64.
Aregheore, E.M. (2002). Intake and digestibility of Moringa oleifera batiki grass mixtures by goat. Small Ruminant Research, 46: 23-28.
Atansuyi, A.J., Akinyemi, M.B., Omo-Akeju, M.O., Chineke, C.A. and Aleteor, V.A. (2012). Haematology indices of rabbit fed graded levels of two fibre sources. Proceedings of the 10th World Rabbit Congress, September, 3-6, 2012. Sham El-sheikh, Egypt, 713-717.
Bridgemohan, P., Bridgemohan, R. an1d Mohamed, M. 2014. Chemical composition of a high protein Animal supplement from Moringa oleifera. African Journal of Food Science Technology. 5(5):125-128.
Chineke, C.A., Ologun, A.G., and Ikeobi, C.O.N. (2006). Haematological parameters in rabbit breeds and crosses in humid tropic. Pakistan journal of Biological Sciences, 9: 2102-2106.
Diaz-Sanchez, S.,D’Souza, D., Biswas, D. and Hanning, I. (2015). Botanical alternatives to antibiotics for use in organic poultry production. Poultry Science Journal, 94: 1419-1430.
Esonu, B.O., Wmenelom, O.O., Udedibie, A.B.I., Herbert, U., Ekpor, C.F., Okoli, I. and Iheukwumere, F.C. (2001). Performance and blood chemistry of weaner pigs fed raw Mucuna (Veivet bean) meal. Tropical Animal Production Investment, 4:49- 54.
Fashey, J.W. (2005). Moringa oleifera: A Review of the medical evidence for its nutritional therapeutic and prophylactic properties, Part 1. Trees for Life Journal 1-5.
Guluwa, L.Y. Oluremi, O.I.A., Ashom, S.A. and Wumnokoi, P.D. (2017). Effect of unsoaked and water soaked sweet orange peels on haematology and serum biochemistry of finisher broiler chicken. Proceedings of 6th ASAN-NIAS Joint Annual Meetings September 10-14, 2017. Abuja.
Idris, M. A., and Jami, M. S. (2016). Moringa oleifera Seed Extract?: A Review on Its Environmental Applications, 11(6), 1469-1486.
Isaac, L.J., Abah, G., Akpan, B. and Ekaette, I.U. (2013). Haematological properties of different breeds and sexes of rabbits 24-27. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria.
Kastowc. (2009). Globlin and total Protein. Available http://www.Dr.kastow.com/htm/protein. Albumin.globulin.html.
Kurtoglu, F., Kurtoglu, V., Celik, I., Kececi, I. and Nizamioglu, M. (2005). Effect of dietary boron supplementation on some biochemical parameters, peripheral blood lymphocytes, Splenic Plasma cells and bone characteristics of broiler chicks given diets with adequate or inadequate cholecalferol (vitamins) content, British Poultry Science., 46: 87-96.
Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K. (2009). Nutrient and anti-quality factors on different morphological parts of the moringa tree. Journal of Agriculture Science, 128:31.
Mbikay, M. (2012). Therapeutic potential of Moringa oleifera leaves in chronic hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia: A Review. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 3: 1-12.
Molander, D.W., Sheppard E. and Pyen, M.A. (1957). Serum transaminase in liver disease. Journal of Animal Science 16(3): 41-51.
Moyo, B., Masika, P. J., Hugo, A. and Muchenje, V. 2011. Nutritional characterization of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) leaves. An African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(60): 12925- 12933.
Muneer, M., Bilal, M. and Ditta (2021). A comparative study of some haematological parameters of broiler and indigenous breeds of poultry. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(4): 189-199.
N.R.C. (1994). National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9. Rev. Edn. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
Obadire, F.O., Aliyu, J.A., Onasanyan, G.O., Viola, M., Audu, R., Mustafa, M. and Oluwatosin O.O. (2019). Growth Performance of broiler chickens fed Graded levels of mixed Vegetables (moringa olifera and Telferia occidentalis as partial substitutes for soya bean meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology. (2):115-125.
Odunsi, A.A., Ojifade, A.A. and Babatunde, G.M. (1999). Response of broiler chicks to Virginmycin and dietary Protein Concentration in the humid tropics, Arch, Zoot 48(183): 317-325.
Ogbe, A.O. and Affiku, J.P. (2012). Proximate study, mineral and anti-nutrient composition of Moringa oleifera leaves harvested from Lafia, Nigeria: potential benefits in poultry.
Olugbemi, T.S., Mutayoba, S.K. and Lekule, F.P. (2010). Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera). Inclusion in cassava based diets fed to Broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science. 9: 363–367.
Oyawoye, E.O. and Ogunkunle, M. (1998). Physiological and biochemical effects of raw jack beans on broiler. Proceedings of annual conference of Nigerian Society of Animal Production, 23: 141-142.
Oyedele, O. J. (2013). Performance of Local Chickens fed Moringa oleifera based diets Proceedings of the annual conference of the Nigeria Society of Animal Production, 32' 457-460.
Pauzenga, U. (1985). Feeding parent stock. Zootenica international, 22 – 24.
SAS (2012). Statistical Analysis Systems. User's Guide Version 9.0 for windows, SAS Institute, Inc., Cary. NC, USA.
Soetan, K. O., Akinrinde, A.S. and Ajibade, T.O. (2013). Preliminary studies on the haematological Parameters of cockerels fed raw and processed guinea corn (Sorghum bicolor). Proceedings of 38th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 49-52.
Taiwo, P., Philip, O. and Alikwe, C.N. (2015). Proximate Analysis and Chemical Composition of Raw and Defatted Moringa oleifera Kernel Proximate Analysis and Chemical Composition of Raw and Defatted Moringa oleifera Kernel.
Weather and Climate (2020). Global Historical Weather and Climate Data, 2023.
Yagossub, A.A. and Abdalla, A.A. (2007). Effect of domestic processing methods on chemical, Invitro digestibity of protein and starch and functional properties of Bambara groundnut (Voandezeia subterranean) seed. Resources Journal of Agriculture, Biology Science 3: 24-34.
Zilva, J.F. and Pannall, P.R. (1984). Clinical Chemistry in Diagnoses and Treatment, 4Ed. Lloyd Luke London, 1786pp. Medical Books Ltd., London, 185pp.
Copyright (c) 2023 FUDMA Journal of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.